Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Urinary Proteins

Urinary Ions

A. CALCIUM
Calcium is a major ion present in urinary crystals.  Only 50% of plasma calcium is ionized and available for filtration at the glomerulus. Well over 95% of the calcium filtered at the glomerulus is reabsorbed at both the proximal and distal tubules and limited amounts in the collecting tube. Less… Urinary Ions   



Stone Varieties

A. CALCIUM CALCULI
Calcifications can occur and accumulate in the collecting system,  resulting in nephrolithiasis.  Eighty to eighty-five percent of all urinary stones are calcareous.

Calcium nephrolithiasis is most commonly due to elevated urinary calcium, elevated urinary uric acid, elevated urinary oxalate,  or a decreased level of urinary citrate.

Hypercalciuria is… Stone Varieties   



acupuncture1 - sex cords1 - dialysis center1 - kidney tumors1 - calcium reabsorption1 - cancer therapy1 - iliococcygeus1 - sex after prostate removal surgery1 - pharmaceutical science1 - hypocalcemia1 - kidney stones16 - pubococcygeus1 - female incontinence1 - uterine cancer2 - peritoneal dialysis3 - congenital cystinuria1 - fluid intake1 - surface enhanced raman spectroscopy1 - genitourinary tract2 - thiazide diuretic1 - uterine2 - ufe1 - british journal of obstetrics and gynecology1 - end-stage renal disease12 - berger's disease1 - chromosome defects1 - laparoscopic nephrectomy1 - vascular diseases1 - vytorin1 - urodynamic investigation1 -