Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Urinary Phosphate

Urinary Ions

Calcium is a major ion present in urinary crystals.  Only 50% of plasma calcium is ionized and available for filtration at the glomerulus. Well over 95% of the calcium filtered at the glomerulus is reabsorbed at both the proximal and distal tubules and limited amounts in the collecting tube. Less… Urinary Ions   

Stone Varieties

Calcifications can occur and accumulate in the collecting system,  resulting in nephrolithiasis.  Eighty to eighty-five percent of all urinary stones are calcareous.

Calcium nephrolithiasis is most commonly due to elevated urinary calcium, elevated urinary uric acid, elevated urinary oxalate,  or a decreased level of urinary citrate.

Hypercalciuria is… Stone Varieties   

recurrent infection2 - libido1 - androgen deprivation therapy5 - resistant bacteria1 - recurrent incontinence1 - radiotherapy3 - dialysis patients6 - aki3 - polycystic kidney and hepatic disease type i1 - syphilis1 - urinary tract disorder1 - apple shape1 - α-hemolysin1 - kidney health3 - chronic dialysis1 - silicate stones1 - sexually transmitted diseases2 - kidney removal1 - regional lymph nodes1 - urinary tract dysfunction1 - testis1 - meyer-weigert1 - intravenous fluids1 - soft drinks1 - prostate-related diseases1 - yervoy1 - proximal tubule1 - lpp4 - pubis2 - artificial1 -