Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Urinary Ions

Urinary Ions

Calcium is a major ion present in urinary crystals.  Only 50% of plasma calcium is ionized and available for filtration at the glomerulus. Well over 95% of the calcium filtered at the glomerulus is reabsorbed at both the proximal and distal tubules and limited amounts in the collecting tube. Less… Urinary Ions   

Stone Varieties

Calcifications can occur and accumulate in the collecting system,  resulting in nephrolithiasis.  Eighty to eighty-five percent of all urinary stones are calcareous.

Calcium nephrolithiasis is most commonly due to elevated urinary calcium, elevated urinary uric acid, elevated urinary oxalate,  or a decreased level of urinary citrate.

Hypercalciuria is… Stone Varieties   

vur1 - smoking status1 - asn14 - monosomy1 - urethral discharge2 - jevtana1 - new england journal of medicine2 - colorectal cancer1 - nephron-sparing surgery1 - psa21 - resistant to hormone depletion1 - diagnostic tools1 - benign prostatic hyperplasia4 - carcinoid1 - symptomatic stone event1 - radiological society of north america1 - bone metastases3 - percutaneous nephrolithotomy1 - testosterone6 - prostate inflammation1 - protein in the urine2 - stone recurrence1 - hormone-refractory prostate cancer2 - ohip1 - cihi1 - aurora a kinase1 - healthy diet1 - autoimmune kidney disorder1 - uterine leiomyoma1 - risk of prostate cancer2 -