Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Retrograde Pyelography

Urinary Stone Disease Evaluation

Urinary stones can mimic other retroperitoneal and peritoneal pathologic states.  A full differential diagnosis of the acute abdomen should be made, including acute appendicitis, ectopic and unrecognized pregnancies, ovarian pathologic conditions including twisted ovarian cysts, diverticular disease,  bowel obstruction,  biliary stones with and without obstruction, peptic ulcer disease, acute… Urinary Stone Disease Evaluation   

Urinary Stone Disease Intervention

Most ureteral calculi pass and do not require intervention.

Spontaneous passage depends on stone size,  shape,  location,  and associated ureteral edema (which is likely to depend on the length of time that a stone has not progressed). Ureteral calculi 4–5 mm in size have a 40–50% chance of spontaneous… Urinary Stone Disease Intervention   

Urinary Stone Disease Prevention

In general,  50%  of patients experience recurrent urinary stones within 5 years without prophylactic intervention.

Appropriate education and preventive measures are best instituted with a motivated patient after spontaneous stone passage or surgical stone removal. Risk factors as described previously should be identified and modified, if possible.

Irrespective of the final metabolic evaluation… Urinary Stone Disease Prevention   

Prostatic & Seminal Vesicle Stones

Prostatic calculi are found within the prostate gland per se and are found uncommonly within the prostatic urethra.

They are thought to represent calcified corpora amylacea and are rarely found in boys. Usually small and numerous, they are noted to be tannish gray in color during transurethral resection of the prostate.  They are commonly… Prostatic & Seminal Vesicle Stones   

tras1 - prognostic tests1 - aggressive bladder tumors1 - radiotherapy3 - radial nephrotomy1 - postpartum depression1 - bowel obstruction1 - kidney damage7 - nephrin1 - addition1 - miscellaneous diseases1 - crystalluria2 - salt1 - kidney transplant15 - creatinine levels1 - collagen diseases1 - peritoneal dialysis3 - struvite stones1 - focal glomerulosclerosis2 - hormone-deprivation therapy1 - fatty fish1 - ontario health insurance plan1 - chronic interstitial nephritis1 - dysmorphia1 - gastrointestinal absorption inhibitor1 - altered appetite1 - ckid1 - low blood potassium1 - ultrasonic wave1 - prostate cancer cells2 -