Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Phosphate Stones

Urinary Ions

Calcium is a major ion present in urinary crystals.  Only 50% of plasma calcium is ionized and available for filtration at the glomerulus. Well over 95% of the calcium filtered at the glomerulus is reabsorbed at both the proximal and distal tubules and limited amounts in the collecting tube. Less… Urinary Ions   

Stone Varieties

Calcifications can occur and accumulate in the collecting system,  resulting in nephrolithiasis.  Eighty to eighty-five percent of all urinary stones are calcareous.

Calcium nephrolithiasis is most commonly due to elevated urinary calcium, elevated urinary uric acid, elevated urinary oxalate,  or a decreased level of urinary citrate.

Hypercalciuria is… Stone Varieties   

bartholin's cyst1 - smad41 - diagnostic testing1 - calcium-rich foods1 - dysmorphia1 - kidney stone2 - uterine2 - progressive glomerulonephritis1 - recurrent infection2 - urogenital diaphragm1 - urgency7 - american society of nephrology22 - cancerous tumor1 - kidney donor2 - urinary tract defects1 - coronary artery bypass surgery1 - primary carcinoid1 - beta-blockers1 - irregular heart rhythm1 - university of california san francisco1 - acute kidney failure1 - obesity5 - cardiorenal syndrome1 - cardiovascular problems1 - late-stage tumors1 - seminal vesicle stones1 - urinary arsenic1 - risk of cancer1 - vytorin1 - jcem1 -