Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems


Pelvic Circulation

The arterial blood supply to the pelvis and perineum are briefly reviewed. Venous drainage for the most part parallels the arterial vessels. The aorta bifurcates at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebrae into the common iliac arteries (Fig. 8). The arteries run anterior and lateral to the veins at this level (1).… Pelvic Circulation   

Female Pelvic Viscera

Lower Urinary Tract
The bladder is comprised of the body and the trigone and normally serves to store urine at low pressures and effectively contract to urinate (7). The bladder is composed of an inner transitional epithelium, a multilayer muscular wall, and an outer serosal covering.  The exact dimensions and configuration of the… Female Pelvic Viscera   


The anatomic boundaries of the perineum are the pubis, thighs, and buttocks and can be divided into an anterior urogenital and a posterior anal triangle by drawing a line between the ischial tuberosities (Fig. 3) (7).

The perineal body is a tendinous structure in the midline of the perineum between the anus… Perineum   

hypoalbuminemia1 - adolescent overweight1 - national ambulatory medical care survey1 - biliary stone1 - renal calyx1 - antibiotic therapy1 - early kidney damage1 - bladder infection2 - hematuria8 - hydronephrosis2 - renal function2 - cancer epidemiology1 - parkinson's disease1 - intraluminal pressure1 - urinary-tract infections1 - kit kat1 - kidney stone2 - avandia1 - dependence1 - interstitial cystitis2 - dying prematurely1 - disaster1 - mild kidney disease1 - kidneys fail1 - urinary tract obstruction1 - end-stage renal disease12 - chronic autoimmune disease1 - edema2 - critical care1 - prostatitis2 -