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Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Stress Incontinence

Urodynamic Evaluation of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

Introduction
The American Urological Association has published guidelines for the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence (1). According to these guidelines, the objective demonstration of stress urinary incontinence should be documented prior to initiating surgical therapy.  This can be accomplished with physical examination (filling the bladder and observing stress incontinence with cough… Urodynamic Evaluation of Female  Stress Urinary Incontinence   



Urethral pressure profilometry

Historically, the first urodynamic parameter measured to characterize stress incontinence was the resting urethral pressure profile (UPP), which was based on the idea that continence is maintained as long as urethral pressure exceeds intravesical pressure. It was thought that measuring the pressure exerted by the urethra in relation to the intravesical pressure would predict… Urethral pressure profilometry   



Urethral Retroresistance Pressure

A new urodynamic measurement system for urethral retroresistance pressure (URP) has been described. URP is defined as the pressure required to achieve and maintain an open urethral sphincter and is measured by occluding the urethral meatus with a cone-tipped plug placed 5 mm in the urethra.

Sterile fluid is then infused retrograde at… Urethral Retroresistance Pressure   



Role of Urodynamic Testing in the Assessment of Female SUI

Although urodynamic testing is frequently performed as part of the evaluation of SUI, the benefits obtained by performing such testing have not been well defined. Advocates of a “minimalist” approach argue that direct observation of stress incontinence on physical examination is sufficient to allow the treating physician to proceed with surgery in the majority… Role of Urodynamic Testing in the Assessment of Female SUI   



Pre-surgery bladder tests often unnecessary: study

Uncomfortable and expensive tests sometimes done before surgery to treat the most common cause of urine leakage in women may be unnecessary, according to a new study involving 630 volunteers at 11 medical centers.

Researchers found no difference in the success rate of urinary incontinence surgery for patients that received the testing and women… Pre-surgery bladder tests often unnecessary: study   



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