Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Kidney Stones

Hormone replacement increases kidney stone risk

Women who take hormone replacement after menopause are at increased risk of developing kidney stones, new research shows.

“It doesn’t mean that women should stop taking hormone therapy based on this fact, but it does need to be taken into account when deciding to take the hormones or not,” Dr. Naim M. Maalouf of… Hormone replacement increases kidney stone risk   



Shockwaves work better than surgery for smaller kidney stones trapped in the ureter

Different techniques should be used to remove single stones that have become lodged in the distal ureter after being expelled by the kidney, depending on whether they are under or above one centimetre, according to the December issue of BJUI.

Surgeons from the Department of Urology at University Federico II, Naples, Italy, believe that… Shockwaves work better than surgery for smaller kidney stones trapped in the ureter   



Kidney Stones Tied to Heart Disease Risk

Young adults who’ve had kidney stones may also have an increased risk of clogged arteries, a new study says.

This does not mean that one causes the other, but instead the two conditions might have some common root cause, according to the paper published in the Journal of Urology.

“People who have kidney stones… Kidney Stones Tied to Heart Disease Risk   



What you need to know about Kidney Stones

The torment of a kidney stone attack is not easily forgotten. It is often impossible to believe that something so little can cause so much pain. Most people who have suffered through such an episode are highly motivated to do anything necessary to avoid another attack. Unfortunately, despite their initial good intentions, people who… What you need to know about Kidney Stones   



The Urinary System and How It Works

The urinary system cleans the body of wastes. It gets rid of everything that the body does not need, to maintain balance in the rest of the systems. For instance, your body does not need 16 ounces of meat at dinner. The waste products of that meat will be circulated to your kidneys to… The Urinary System and How It Works   



The Balance Concept - The Urinary System

The kidneys preserve a very delicate balance in the body. They compensate for your food and fluid intake to maintain this balance.

For instance, if you drink a great deal of water, there is a greater volume of urine. If you eat a lot of salt (that bag of potato chips that disappeared during… The Balance Concept  - The Urinary System   



Kidney Stone Prevalence in U.S. Increasing

Kidney stones are a growing problem in the United States, new data suggest.

Researchers who analyzed data from 12,110 participants in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found that 8.8% of respondents reported a history of kidney stones, up from 5.2% reported by 1994 NHANES respondents, according to an online report… Kidney Stone Prevalence in U.S. Increasing   



More U.S. teens diagnosed with kidney stones

More teenagers are being diagnosed with kidney stones now than in years past, a study from one U.S. state suggests.

The research, which followed Minnesota children from 1984 to 2008, found that the rate of kidney stones climbed six percent each year among teenagers.

Between 1984 and 1990, the annual rate was 13 cases… More U.S. teens diagnosed with kidney stones   



Long-term calcium and vitamin D supplement use may be linked to increased risk of kidney stones

Calcium and vitamin D supplements are associated with high calcium levels in the blood and urine, which could increase the risk of kidney stones, a new study finds. The results will be presented Tuesday at The Endocrine Society’s 94th Annual Meeting in Houston.

“The use of calcium and vitamin D supplementation may not be… Long-term calcium and vitamin D supplement use may be linked to increased risk of kidney stones   



People who get kidney stones more likely to develop kidney failure: U of A medical research

People who have had kidney stones are twice as likely to need dialysis or a kidney transplant later in life, demonstrates recently published findings by medical researchers at the University of Alberta. Their article was recently published in the British Medical Journal.

Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry researchers Todd Alexander and Marcello Tonelli tracked… People who get kidney stones more likely to develop kidney failure: U of A medical research   



Vitamin C supplements tied to men’s kidney stones

Men who take vitamin C supplements are at higher-than-average risk of developing kidney stones, a new study from Sweden suggests.

The findings don’t prove the vitamin itself triggers stones to form. But researchers said that because there are no clear benefits tied to taking high-dose vitamin C, people who have had stones in the… Vitamin C supplements tied to men’s kidney stones   



Gut microbes could determine the severity of melamine-induced kidney disease

Microbes present in the gut can affect the severity of kidney disease brought on by melamine poisoning, according to an international study led by Professor Wei Jia at the University of North Carolina in collaboration with the research group of Professor Jeremy Nicholson at Imperial College London.

In 2008, nearly 300,000 Chinese children were… Gut microbes could determine the severity of melamine-induced kidney disease   



Non-dairy calcium seen to lower kidney stone risk

Getting plenty of calcium from foods has been shown to lower the likelihood of kidney stones in those most at risk, but a new study makes clear the benefit isn’t just linked to milk products.

In a large new analysis, men and women who consumed the most dietary calcium from foods had about 20… Non-dairy calcium seen to lower kidney stone risk   



Vitamin D does not contribute to kidney stones, study asserts

Increased vitamin D levels may prevent a wide range of diseases, according to recent studies. However, some previous studies led to a concern that vitamin D supplementation could increase an individual’s risk of developing kidney stones.

However, a study of 2,012 participants - published in the American Journal of Public Health - found no… Vitamin D does not contribute to kidney stones, study asserts   



Climate change may bring more kidney stones

As daily temperatures increase, so does the number of patients seeking treatment for kidney stones. In a study that may both reflect and foretell a warming planet’s impact on human health, a research team found a link between hot days and kidney stones in 60,000 patients in several U.S. cities with varying climates.

“We… Climate change may bring more kidney stones   



New recommendations to prevent recurrent kidney stones

In a new evidence-based clinical practice guideline published today in Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends that people who have had a kidney stone increase their fluid intake to achieve at least two liters of urine per day to prevent another kidney stone from forming. If increased fluid intake… New recommendations to prevent recurrent kidney stones   



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