Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Kidney Function

Protein in the urine: A warning sign for cognitive decline

1. Small Amounts of Urinary Protein Predict More Rapid Cognitive Decline in Elderly Women Screening Efforts in Older Individuals May Be Warranted

A new study has found that low amounts of albumin in the urine, at levels not traditionally considered clinically significant, strongly predict faster cognitive decline in older women. The study involved more… Protein in the urine: A warning sign for cognitive decline   



Race impacts declining kidney function

African Americans - along with some groups of Hispanics - have faster rates of decline in kidney function compared to white Americans, according to a study presented at the American Society of Nephrology’s 43rd Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition.

“Racial/ethnic differences are present early, before chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been established,” comments Carmen… Race impacts declining kidney function   



Simple blood test identifies persons at highest risk for kidney disease complications

An infrequently used blood test can effectively identify individuals at increased risk of developing complications associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). Use of this simple test might help physicians identify persons with CKD who are at… Simple blood test identifies persons at highest risk for kidney disease complications   



New test can predict complications from kidney disease

Cystatin C, a blood marker of kidney function, proved significantly more accurate than the standard blood marker, creatinine, in predicting serious complications of kidney disease, in a study by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

Among adults who were identified as having chronic kidney disease… New test can predict complications from kidney disease   



A pounding heart may be dangerous for some kidney patients

Among older adults with a recent heart attack (myocardial infarction), those with lower levels of kidney function are less likely to take their medications as prescribed, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN).

“Several types of medications have proven benefit for… A pounding heart may be dangerous for some kidney patients   



Less radical tumor surgery can offer better long-term kidney function

Patients with kidney tumours larger than four centimetres are much more likely to enjoy good long-term renal function if they undergo nephron-sparing surgery rather than radical nephrectomy, according to a study in the February issue of the urology journal BJUI.

Researchers from the Department of Urology at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, studied… Less radical tumor surgery can offer better long-term kidney function   



Kidney Transplant Recipients: Get Moving to Save Your Life

Low physical activity increases kidney transplant patients’ likelihood of dying early, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). The results suggest that patients need to exercise to fend off an early death.

Inactive people in general face increased risks of developing cardiovascular… Kidney Transplant Recipients: Get Moving to Save Your Life   



Low Carbohydrate Diet May Reverse Kidney Failure in People with Diabetes

Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have for the first time determined that the ketogenic diet, a specialized high-fat, low carbohydrate diet, may reverse impaired kidney function in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. They also identified a previously unreported panel of genes associated with diabetes-related kidney failure, whose expression was… Low Carbohydrate Diet May Reverse Kidney Failure in People with Diabetes   



Chronic dialysis for kidney disease patients now started substantially earlier

It has become increasingly clear that patients in the United States are starting dialysis at higher and higher levels of kidney function. A team of researchers, led by Dr. Ann O’Hare, University of Washington associate professor of medicine and affiliate investigator at Group Health Research Institute, set out recently to find out what this… Chronic dialysis for kidney disease patients now started substantially earlier   



Vasodilator hormone improved kidney function & blood flow in PKD model

After a four-week course of the vasodilator hormone relaxin, kidney function and blood flow immediately improved in lab rats genetically altered to model polycystic kidney disease (PKD), a life-threatening genetic disorder, according to research presented on Dec. 6 at the American Society for Cell Biology Annual Meeting in Denver.

In addition to widening the… Vasodilator hormone improved kidney function & blood flow in PKD model   



Biomarkers Identify Acute Kidney Injury in Emergency Patients

Acute kidney injury (AKI) has severe consequences, with a 25 to 80 percent risk of in-hospital death. Researchers have found a way to diagnose AKI using a urine test, enabling emergency departments to identify these high-risk patients when they first arrive at the hospital. The study will be published online on January 9, 2012,… Biomarkers Identify Acute Kidney Injury in Emergency Patients   



Markers Warn of Progressive Kidney Problems After Heart Surgery

Blood and urine markers can indicate which patients with an abrupt kidney injury following heart surgery will experience progressive kidney problems, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). Testing for these markers soon after surgery could help doctors protect the health of patients’… Markers Warn of Progressive Kidney Problems After Heart Surgery   



Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes

Two new studies from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium found that the presence of chronic kidney disease itself can be a strong indicator of the risk of death and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) even in patients without hypertension or diabetes. Both hypertension and diabetes… Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes   



Quiz, already used in elderly, could determine death risk for kidney dialysis patients of all ages

A simple six-question quiz, typically used to assess disabilities in the elderly, could help doctors determine which kidney dialysis patients of any age are at the greatest risk of death, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

Believing that kidney failure mimics an accelerated body-wide aging process transplant surgeon Dorry L. Segev, M.D., Ph.D., and his… Quiz, already used in elderly, could determine death risk for kidney dialysis patients of all ages   



Irregular heart beat elevates risk of kidney failure

Many people who suffer from chronic kidney disease progressively lose their kidney function over time and eventually develop a condition called end-stage renal disease – the complete failure of the kidneys – placing them in need of lifelong dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Now researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and… Irregular heart beat elevates risk of kidney failure   



Kidney Damage a Risk of Some Childhood Cancer Treatments, Finds Study

Some adult survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for kidney problems, a new study says.

The study included more than 1,100 adults, aged 18 and older, who were followed for five to 42 years after being diagnosed and treated for childhood cancer.

The researchers examined the long-term effects of kidney-damaging treatments, including… Kidney Damage a Risk of Some Childhood Cancer Treatments, Finds Study   



Zebrafish Discovery May Shed Light on Human Kidney Function

Researchers say the discovery of how sodium ions pass through the gill of a zebrafish may be a clue to understanding a key function in the human kidney. The findings from a collaboration between Mayo Clinic and the Tokyo Institute of Technology appear in the online issue of the American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative… Zebrafish Discovery May Shed Light on Human Kidney Function   



Newly discovered protein may protect kidney cells from injury

A new discovery by Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) researchers may change how kidney disease is treated in the future.

The previously unknown protein transmembrane and immunoglobulin containing 1 (TMIGD1) involved in protecting kidney epithelial cells (cells critical to normal kidney function) from injury, could be a novel target for restoring kidney function… Newly discovered protein may protect kidney cells from injury   



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