Urology Today.net

Site updated at Wednesday, 17 September 2014

Common Urological Problems

Intravenous Pyelography

Multichannel Urodynamics

The workup described constitutes the basic office assessment (BOA) of UI; it is generally accepted. However, the role of urodynamics in the evaluation of patients with UI is controversial. This is because the true impact of urodynamics on clinical diagnosis, management plans, and patient’s outcome has not been studied in a well-designed manner. As… Multichannel Urodynamics   



Urinary Stone Disease Evaluation

A. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
Urinary stones can mimic other retroperitoneal and peritoneal pathologic states.  A full differential diagnosis of the acute abdomen should be made, including acute appendicitis, ectopic and unrecognized pregnancies, ovarian pathologic conditions including twisted ovarian cysts, diverticular disease,  bowel obstruction,  biliary stones with and without obstruction, peptic ulcer disease, acute… Urinary Stone Disease Evaluation   



Urinary Stone Disease Intervention

A. CONSERVATIVE OBSERVATION
Most ureteral calculi pass and do not require intervention.

Spontaneous passage depends on stone size,  shape,  location,  and associated ureteral edema (which is likely to depend on the length of time that a stone has not progressed). Ureteral calculi 4–5 mm in size have a 40–50% chance of spontaneous… Urinary Stone Disease Intervention   



Urinary Stone Disease Prevention

In general,  50%  of patients experience recurrent urinary stones within 5 years without prophylactic intervention.

Appropriate education and preventive measures are best instituted with a motivated patient after spontaneous stone passage or surgical stone removal. Risk factors as described previously should be identified and modified, if possible.

Irrespective of the final metabolic evaluation… Urinary Stone Disease Prevention   



Prostatic & Seminal Vesicle Stones

Prostatic calculi are found within the prostate gland per se and are found uncommonly within the prostatic urethra.

They are thought to represent calcified corpora amylacea and are rarely found in boys. Usually small and numerous, they are noted to be tannish gray in color during transurethral resection of the prostate.  They are commonly… Prostatic & Seminal Vesicle Stones   



bladder frequency1 - mental health1 - hexagonal crystals1 - sex2 - american society of nephrology20 - high-salt diet1 - melamine-induced kidney disease1 - bladder removal1 - laparoscopic operations1 - mild kidney disease1 - early-stage cancer1 - cardiac complications1 - prophylactic intervention1 - radical prostatectomy9 - transurethral resection1 - uterine fibroid embolization1 - wilson's disease1 - ectopic pregnancy2 - cryptorchidism1 - xgeva1 - calcium-rich foods1 - urinary stasis1 - voiding diary3 - excess potassium secretion1 - running1 - calcium reabsorption1 - sex therapy1 - oligospermia1 - pubococcygeus1 - journal of urology5 -