Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Hypertension

IgA Nephropathy

Primary   hematuria   (idiopathic   benign   and   recurrent hematuria,  Berger’s disease)  is now known to be an immune complex glomerulopathy in which deposition of IgA occurs in a granular pattern in the mesangium of the glomerulus.  The associated light microscope findings are variable and range from normal to extensive crescentic glomerulonephritis.… IgA Nephropathy   



Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis

A. ESSENTIALS OF DIAGNOSIS

B. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is a disease… Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis   



Health Disparities Exist Among Black and Hispanic Kidney Donors

Black and Hispanic kidney donors are significantly more likely than white donors to develop hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, according to new Saint Louis University research published in the August 19, 2010 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

“We’ve long known that diabetes and hypertension disproportionately affect blacks and Hispanics. Our… Health Disparities Exist Among Black and Hispanic Kidney Donors   



Kidney Disease Patients Require Individualized Care

1. One-Size-Fits-All Blood Pressure Recommendations Won’t Suit All Dialysis Patients

Age, Race, and Diabetes Status Affect Blood Pressure’s Link to Premature Death

Previous research indicates that mild to moderate hypertension may not increase dialysis patients’ risk of dying prematurely. These findings contrast with those found in the general population and are generalized to diverse… Kidney Disease Patients Require Individualized Care   



Scientists learn more about how kidneys fail and how new drugs may intervene

Scientists are learning more about how protein gets in the urine when the kidneys begin to fail and how a new drug blocks it.

“We have known for a long time that renal failure comes with protein in your urine, especially in diabetes,” said Dr. David Pollock, renal physiologist at the Medical College of… Scientists learn more about how kidneys fail and how new drugs may intervene   



Despite the challenges, collaboration is key in kidney disease care

Most primary care physicians (PCPs) and kidney specialists favor collaborative care for a patient with progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), but their preferences on how and when to collaborate differ, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). PCPs and kidney specialists need… Despite the challenges, collaboration is key in kidney disease care   



Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

A team of researchers from the United States and Europe has identified a single genetic mutation in the CUBN gene that is associated with albuminuria both with and without diabetes. Albuminuria is a condition caused by the leaking of the protein albumin into the urine, which is an indication of kidney disease.

The research… Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk   



New Biomarker Improves Acute Kidney Injury Diagnosis

A new biomarker-based diagnostic test is more effective than the current best practice for early detection of adverse outcomes after acute kidney injury (AKI), which can be fatal for an estimated 50 percent of the critically ill patients who get the condition.

A multi-center study to be published April 26 in the Journal of… New Biomarker Improves Acute Kidney Injury Diagnosis   



Arsenic linked to kidney cancer

People with moderately elevated levels of arsenic in their urine may have an increased risk of kidney cancer—particularly if they have high blood pressure and kidney disease, a new study suggests.

The findings, reported in the Journal of Urology, do not prove that arsenic contributes to kidney cancer, however. One possibility, the researchers say,… Arsenic linked to kidney cancer   



Rare kidney disease shows how salt, potassium levels are moderated

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a principal risk factor for heart disease and affects 1 billion people. At least half of them are estimated to be salt-sensitive; their blood pressure rises with sodium intake. New research released today [Jan. 22] shows important aspects of how sodium and potassium are regulated in the kidney.

The… Rare kidney disease shows how salt, potassium levels are moderated   



Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes

Two new studies from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium found that the presence of chronic kidney disease itself can be a strong indicator of the risk of death and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) even in patients without hypertension or diabetes. Both hypertension and diabetes… Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes   



Soft drinks and sugar in the diet may have negative effects on the kidneys

Two new studies highlight the potential negative effects that soft drinks and sugar can have on kidney health. Results of these studies will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2013 November 5-10 at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta, GA.

In one study, researchers led by Ryohei Yamamoto, MD, PhD (Osaka Univ Graduate… Soft drinks and sugar in the diet may have negative effects on the kidneys   



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