Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Genitourinary Tract

Embryogenesis -Paediatric Urology

Human gestation spans a period of 38 weeks, from fertilisation to birth. Conventionally, pregnancy is divided into three trimesters,  each of 3 months’ duration.  The formation of organs and systems (embryogenesis)  takes place principally between the third and 10th weeks of gestation. Throughout the remainder, the fetal organs undergo differentiation, branching, maturation and growth.… Embryogenesis -Paediatric Urology   



Upper urinary tract

In the cervical portions of the paired blocks of intermediate mesoderm the primitive precursor of the kidney,  the pronephros,  first appears in the fourth week of gestation. 

This structure rapidly regresses in the human embryo.  The midzone mesonephros, however, continues to differentiate, giving rise to tubular structures which,  although ultimately destined to contribute… Upper urinary tract   



intravenous pyelography5 - vitamin k1 - persistent incontinence1 - stone formation3 - overactive bladder9 - rheumatoid arthritis2 - miscellaneous diseases1 - bicarbonate reabsorption2 - premature death3 - laparoscopic nephrectomy1 - adpkd3 - ckd progression1 - dysuria2 - kidney failure37 - cardiovascular deaths1 - urinary symptoms5 - arpkd1 - bladder symptoms1 - sexual difficulty1 - advanced stage1 - cprs-r1 - cyclind11 - dialysis center1 - erythrocyte casts1 - ultrasonic imaging1 - metastatic tumors1 - diagnostic testing1 - aggressive bladder tumors1 - jama1 - kidney blood flow1 -