Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

End Stage Renal Disease

Race impacts declining kidney function

African Americans - along with some groups of Hispanics - have faster rates of decline in kidney function compared to white Americans, according to a study presented at the American Society of Nephrology’s 43rd Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition.

“Racial/ethnic differences are present early, before chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been established,” comments Carmen… Race impacts declining kidney function   



Mammograms: Detecting More Than Breast Cancer, May Help Assess Heart Risk in Kidney Disease Patients

Routine mammograms performed for breast cancer screening could serve another purpose as well: detecting calcifications in the blood vessels of patients with advanced kidney disease, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN).

Mammograms show calcium deposits in the breast arteries in… Mammograms: Detecting More Than Breast Cancer, May Help Assess Heart Risk in Kidney Disease Patients   



Portable, less costly peritoneal dialysis shows no additional catheter risk factors

Patients with end-stage renal disease who opt for peritoneal dialysis experience no greater risk of catheter infection than those who undergo hemodialysis, a retrospective study at UT Southwestern Medical Center has found.

Peritoneal dialysis is less costly, easier on the body and provides greater mobility than hemodialysis, the more common procedure in the U.S.… Portable, less costly peritoneal dialysis shows no additional catheter risk factors   



Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

A team of researchers from the United States and Europe has identified a single genetic mutation in the CUBN gene that is associated with albuminuria both with and without diabetes. Albuminuria is a condition caused by the leaking of the protein albumin into the urine, which is an indication of kidney disease.

The research… Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk   



Research aims to prevent diabetic kidney failure

The enzyme arginase-2 plays a major role in kidney failure, and blocking the action of this enzyme might lead to protection against renal disease in diabetes, according to researchers.

“We believe these arginase inhibitors may be one of the new targets that can slow down the progression of, or even prevent the development of,… Research aims to prevent diabetic kidney failure   



Most lupus nephritis patients with end-stage renal disease opt for hemodialysis therapy

Newly published research shows that more patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) caused by lupus nephritis choose hemodialysis as their initial kidney replacement therapy over peritoneal dialysis and preemptive kidney transplantation. Results of the study now available in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), also found that… Most lupus nephritis patients with end-stage renal disease opt for hemodialysis therapy   



Kidney disease care—what’s in store for the future?

Two studies presented during the American Society of Nephrology’s Annual Kidney Week provide new information on kidney-related policies in the United States.

Beginning in 2011, Medicare has reduced reimbursements to some dialysis facilities, which could lead to closures. Mark Stephens (Prima Health Analytics) and his colleagues sought to estimate the incremental distances patients may… Kidney disease care—what’s in store for the future?   



Study says overweight Americans may risk kidney damage when attempting weight loss

Tuesday, February 21, 2012, Cleveland: With 1 in 5 overweight Americans suffering from chronic kidney disease, Cleveland Clinic researchers analyzed the nutritional and lifestyle habits of overweight adults, finding that their methods included diets and diet pills that may cause further kidney damage.

The study findings, published online this month in the International Journal… Study says overweight Americans may risk kidney damage when attempting weight loss   



Risk prediction equation for death/end-stage renal disease

Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., principal investigator at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed), is the author of an invited editorial in JAMA. The editorial accompanied a study that included data from more than 1 million adults, and indicated the use of a newer risk prediction equation that… Risk prediction equation for death/end-stage renal disease   



Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes

Two new studies from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium found that the presence of chronic kidney disease itself can be a strong indicator of the risk of death and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) even in patients without hypertension or diabetes. Both hypertension and diabetes… Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes   



Heavy Kids Face Future Kidney Risks

Overweight and obese teens are more likely to develop renal failure later in life, a population-based study from Israel showed.

Overweight at age 17 was associated with a three-fold elevated incidence of end-stage renal disease over the subsequent 25 years, Asaf Vivante, MD, of the Israeli Defense Forces Medical Corps and Safra Children’s Hospital… Heavy Kids Face Future Kidney Risks   



Antihypertensives associated with lower dialysis risk for patients with advanced CKD

Patients with stable hypertension and the most advanced stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) before dialysis appeared to have a lower risk for long-term dialysis or death if they were treated with the antihypertensive drugs known as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), according to a study published by JAMA… Antihypertensives associated with lower dialysis risk for patients with advanced CKD   



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