Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Dietary Magnesium

Urinary Ions

A. CALCIUM
Calcium is a major ion present in urinary crystals.  Only 50% of plasma calcium is ionized and available for filtration at the glomerulus. Well over 95% of the calcium filtered at the glomerulus is reabsorbed at both the proximal and distal tubules and limited amounts in the collecting tube. Less… Urinary Ions   



Stone Varieties

A. CALCIUM CALCULI
Calcifications can occur and accumulate in the collecting system,  resulting in nephrolithiasis.  Eighty to eighty-five percent of all urinary stones are calcareous.

Calcium nephrolithiasis is most commonly due to elevated urinary calcium, elevated urinary uric acid, elevated urinary oxalate,  or a decreased level of urinary citrate.

Hypercalciuria is… Stone Varieties   



Urinary Stone Disease - Special Situations

A. RENAL TRANSPLANTATION
Urinary stones associated with renal transplantation are rare. Perirenal nerves are severed at the time of renal harvesting. Classic renal colic is not found in these patients.

The patients usually are admitted with the presumptive diagnosis of graft rejection. Only after appropriate radiographic and ultrasonic evaluation is the… Urinary Stone Disease - Special Situations   



hypogonadal men1 - psa level1 - perineum4 - pcnl1 - yervoy1 - robot-assisted surgery1 - aki3 - protein2 - ureteral edema1 - gonadal vessels1 - testis-determining gene1 - vegetarian diet1 - university of michigan medical school in ann arbor1 - psa blood test1 - pelvic viscera1 - kidney-damaging treatments1 - american society of nephrology22 - mrna1 - urological diseases1 - statin drugs1 - postpartum depression1 - diabetic kidney disease2 - sexual intimacy1 - carbohydrate diet1 - robotic stereotactic radiosurgery1 - gfr1 - vitamin k1 - heart attack2 - rarp2 - streptococcal infection1 -