Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Dietary Magnesium

Urinary Ions

A. CALCIUM
Calcium is a major ion present in urinary crystals.  Only 50% of plasma calcium is ionized and available for filtration at the glomerulus. Well over 95% of the calcium filtered at the glomerulus is reabsorbed at both the proximal and distal tubules and limited amounts in the collecting tube. Less… Urinary Ions   



Stone Varieties

A. CALCIUM CALCULI
Calcifications can occur and accumulate in the collecting system,  resulting in nephrolithiasis.  Eighty to eighty-five percent of all urinary stones are calcareous.

Calcium nephrolithiasis is most commonly due to elevated urinary calcium, elevated urinary uric acid, elevated urinary oxalate,  or a decreased level of urinary citrate.

Hypercalciuria is… Stone Varieties   



Urinary Stone Disease - Special Situations

A. RENAL TRANSPLANTATION
Urinary stones associated with renal transplantation are rare. Perirenal nerves are severed at the time of renal harvesting. Classic renal colic is not found in these patients.

The patients usually are admitted with the presumptive diagnosis of graft rejection. Only after appropriate radiographic and ultrasonic evaluation is the… Urinary Stone Disease - Special Situations   



cystitis3 - proteinuria8 - obese kidney transplant recipients1 - active surveillance1 - lutss1 - external beam radiation1 - hemiuterus1 - apple shape1 - radiation therapy oncology group1 - calcium channel1 - kidney donor profile index1 - dietary phosphate2 - gift1 - post-operative acute kidney failure1 - ohip1 - lupus patients1 - vesicoureteral reflux6 - advanced renal disease1 - genital tracts1 - seizure1 - acupuncture1 - intensity-modulated radiation therapy1 - risk of kidney failure1 - acute kidney injury8 - uroflowmetry1 - kidney failure37 - honey oil1 - inflammation1 - screening test1 - pomegranate juice1 -