Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Diabetes

Health Disparities Exist Among Black and Hispanic Kidney Donors

Black and Hispanic kidney donors are significantly more likely than white donors to develop hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, according to new Saint Louis University research published in the August 19, 2010 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

“We’ve long known that diabetes and hypertension disproportionately affect blacks and Hispanics. Our… Health Disparities Exist Among Black and Hispanic Kidney Donors   



Statins may delay prostate problems in older men

Taking statins for high cholesterol appears to significantly delay the development of an enlarged prostate, a common condition in older men that can lead to incontinence and other distressing symptoms, researchers at the Mayo Clinic report.

An estimated 40 percent of older men develop prostate enlargement and trouble urinating at some point.

Cholesterol levels… Statins may delay prostate problems in older men   



Specific kidney cell could be key in the treatment of kidney failure in diabetes

Diabetes is the leading reason for kidney failure in the world, resulting in patients requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. New research has found a cell in the kidney called the podocyte could be the key to understanding why this happens.

The study led by Dr Richard Coward, in the School of Clinical Sciences at… Specific kidney cell could be key in the treatment of kidney failure in diabetes   



Kidney Disease Patients Require Individualized Care

1. One-Size-Fits-All Blood Pressure Recommendations Won’t Suit All Dialysis Patients

Age, Race, and Diabetes Status Affect Blood Pressure’s Link to Premature Death

Previous research indicates that mild to moderate hypertension may not increase dialysis patients’ risk of dying prematurely. These findings contrast with those found in the general population and are generalized to diverse… Kidney Disease Patients Require Individualized Care   



Scientists learn more about how kidneys fail and how new drugs may intervene

Scientists are learning more about how protein gets in the urine when the kidneys begin to fail and how a new drug blocks it.

“We have known for a long time that renal failure comes with protein in your urine, especially in diabetes,” said Dr. David Pollock, renal physiologist at the Medical College of… Scientists learn more about how kidneys fail and how new drugs may intervene   



Despite the challenges, collaboration is key in kidney disease care

Most primary care physicians (PCPs) and kidney specialists favor collaborative care for a patient with progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), but their preferences on how and when to collaborate differ, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). PCPs and kidney specialists need… Despite the challenges, collaboration is key in kidney disease care   



Kidney Stones Tied to Heart Disease Risk

Young adults who’ve had kidney stones may also have an increased risk of clogged arteries, a new study says.

This does not mean that one causes the other, but instead the two conditions might have some common root cause, according to the paper published in the Journal of Urology.

“People who have kidney stones… Kidney Stones Tied to Heart Disease Risk   



Kidney Transplant Recipients: Get Moving to Save Your Life

Low physical activity increases kidney transplant patients’ likelihood of dying early, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). The results suggest that patients need to exercise to fend off an early death.

Inactive people in general face increased risks of developing cardiovascular… Kidney Transplant Recipients: Get Moving to Save Your Life   



Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

A team of researchers from the United States and Europe has identified a single genetic mutation in the CUBN gene that is associated with albuminuria both with and without diabetes. Albuminuria is a condition caused by the leaking of the protein albumin into the urine, which is an indication of kidney disease.

The research… Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk   



Low Carbohydrate Diet May Reverse Kidney Failure in People with Diabetes

Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have for the first time determined that the ketogenic diet, a specialized high-fat, low carbohydrate diet, may reverse impaired kidney function in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. They also identified a previously unreported panel of genes associated with diabetes-related kidney failure, whose expression was… Low Carbohydrate Diet May Reverse Kidney Failure in People with Diabetes   



TGen findings contribute to understanding of diabetic kidney disease

A gene called PVT1 may help reduce the kidneys ability to filter blood, leading to kidney disease, kidney failure and death, according to a study published today by researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen).

The TGen team found PVT1 expression levels increased up to 5-fold in response to hyperglycemia, or high blood… TGen findings contribute to understanding of diabetic kidney disease   



Value of screening for kidney disease unclear

Screening people to catch early kidney disease may sound like a good idea, but there is no research to prove that it’s worthwhile, according to a new review.

In the U.S., about 11 percent of adults have chronic kidney disease, the vast majority of whom have early-stage disease.

The disease is very common among… Value of screening for kidney disease unclear   



Aspirin before heart surgery reduces the risk of post-operative acute kidney failure

Aspirin taken for five days before a heart operation can halve the numbers of patients developing post-operative acute kidney failure, according to research presented at the European Anaesthesiology Congress in Paris today (Sunday).

Professor Jianzhong Sun (MD, PhD), professor and attending anaesthesiologist at Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, USA), told the meeting… Aspirin before heart surgery reduces the risk of post-operative acute kidney failure   



Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes

Two new studies from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium found that the presence of chronic kidney disease itself can be a strong indicator of the risk of death and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) even in patients without hypertension or diabetes. Both hypertension and diabetes… Chronic kidney disease a warning sign independent of hypertension or diabetes   



Kidney disease ‘biggest threat’ for diabetics

Keeping your kidneys healthy could be one of the best ways to extend your life if you have diabetes, researchers have suggested.

The University of Washington study found that having kidney disease meant a much higher risk of early death.

UK experts say that the NHS is still not putting enough effort into detecting… Kidney disease ‘biggest threat’ for diabetics   



Gut microbes could determine the severity of melamine-induced kidney disease

Microbes present in the gut can affect the severity of kidney disease brought on by melamine poisoning, according to an international study led by Professor Wei Jia at the University of North Carolina in collaboration with the research group of Professor Jeremy Nicholson at Imperial College London.

In 2008, nearly 300,000 Chinese children were… Gut microbes could determine the severity of melamine-induced kidney disease   



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