Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 12 May 2016

Common Urological Problems

Chronic Kidney Disease

Health Disparities Exist Among Black and Hispanic Kidney Donors

Black and Hispanic kidney donors are significantly more likely than white donors to develop hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, according to new Saint Louis University research published in the August 19, 2010 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

“We’ve long known that diabetes and hypertension disproportionately affect blacks and Hispanics. Our… Health Disparities Exist Among Black and Hispanic Kidney Donors   



ASN Leads Efforts to Address Growing Crisis in Kidney Care

An estimated 26 million people, 13% of the United States population, are living with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and this number continues to grow. If current trends continue, there will not be enough doctors to serve this expanding patient population.

To help address this crisis, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) is convening a… ASN Leads Efforts to Address Growing Crisis in Kidney Care   



Race impacts declining kidney function

African Americans - along with some groups of Hispanics - have faster rates of decline in kidney function compared to white Americans, according to a study presented at the American Society of Nephrology’s 43rd Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition.

“Racial/ethnic differences are present early, before chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been established,” comments Carmen… Race impacts declining kidney function   



Simple blood test identifies persons at highest risk for kidney disease complications

An infrequently used blood test can effectively identify individuals at increased risk of developing complications associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). Use of this simple test might help physicians identify persons with CKD who are at… Simple blood test identifies persons at highest risk for kidney disease complications   



Despite the challenges, collaboration is key in kidney disease care

Most primary care physicians (PCPs) and kidney specialists favor collaborative care for a patient with progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), but their preferences on how and when to collaborate differ, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). PCPs and kidney specialists need… Despite the challenges, collaboration is key in kidney disease care   



Mammograms: Detecting More Than Breast Cancer, May Help Assess Heart Risk in Kidney Disease Patients

Routine mammograms performed for breast cancer screening could serve another purpose as well: detecting calcifications in the blood vessels of patients with advanced kidney disease, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN).

Mammograms show calcium deposits in the breast arteries in… Mammograms: Detecting More Than Breast Cancer, May Help Assess Heart Risk in Kidney Disease Patients   



Less radical tumor surgery can offer better long-term kidney function

Patients with kidney tumours larger than four centimetres are much more likely to enjoy good long-term renal function if they undergo nephron-sparing surgery rather than radical nephrectomy, according to a study in the February issue of the urology journal BJUI.

Researchers from the Department of Urology at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, studied… Less radical tumor surgery can offer better long-term kidney function   



Anti-Aging Hormone Klotho May Prevent Complications In Chronic Kidney Disease

Low levels of the anti-aging hormone Klotho may serve as an early warning sign of the presence of kidney disease and its deadly cardiovascular complications, according to findings by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers.

Using mice, investigators found that soft-tissue calcification, a common and serious side effect of chronic kidney disease (CKD), improves when… Anti-Aging Hormone Klotho May Prevent Complications In Chronic Kidney Disease   



Kidney Transplant Recipients: Get Moving to Save Your Life

Low physical activity increases kidney transplant patients’ likelihood of dying early, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). The results suggest that patients need to exercise to fend off an early death.

Inactive people in general face increased risks of developing cardiovascular… Kidney Transplant Recipients: Get Moving to Save Your Life   



Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

A team of researchers from the United States and Europe has identified a single genetic mutation in the CUBN gene that is associated with albuminuria both with and without diabetes. Albuminuria is a condition caused by the leaking of the protein albumin into the urine, which is an indication of kidney disease.

The research… Gene Variant Influences Chronic Kidney Disease Risk   



Poor growth, delayed puberty and heart problems plague kids with mild kidney disease

Children with only mildly to moderately impaired kidney function experience poor growth, delays in puberty, and heart problems, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). Therapies for these conditions might help slow the progression of kidney disease in children.

Heart disease causes… Poor growth, delayed puberty and heart problems plague kids with mild kidney disease   



Hormone predicts which kidney patients might die early

The blood levels of a particular hormone can help predict which kidney disease patients will develop heart problems, need dialysis, and die prematurely, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). Testing for this hormone could identify which patients need early treatment, thereby lowering… Hormone predicts which kidney patients might die early   



Kidney disease care—what’s in store for the future?

Two studies presented during the American Society of Nephrology’s Annual Kidney Week provide new information on kidney-related policies in the United States.

Beginning in 2011, Medicare has reduced reimbursements to some dialysis facilities, which could lead to closures. Mark Stephens (Prima Health Analytics) and his colleagues sought to estimate the incremental distances patients may… Kidney disease care—what’s in store for the future?   



Kidney failure risk higher for liver transplant patients following allocation policy change

Research from the University of Michigan Health System shows the risk for kidney failure among liver transplant recipients is higher following the implementation of Model of End Stage Liver Disease (MELD), a policy change in 2002 that altered how liver transplant allocation is decided.

The study, led by Pratima Sharma, M.D., M.S., an assistant… Kidney failure risk higher for liver transplant patients following allocation policy change   



FDA fails to approve cholesterol drug for kidney disease

U.S. health regulators amended the prescribing label for Merck & Co’s cholesterol-lowering drug Vytorin to show it prevents heart problems in patients with chronic kidney disease, but stopped short of approving its use for that purpose.

The decision means Merck cannot market Vytorin as a treatment for reducing the rate of heart problems in… FDA fails to approve cholesterol drug for kidney disease   



Study says overweight Americans may risk kidney damage when attempting weight loss

Tuesday, February 21, 2012, Cleveland: With 1 in 5 overweight Americans suffering from chronic kidney disease, Cleveland Clinic researchers analyzed the nutritional and lifestyle habits of overweight adults, finding that their methods included diets and diet pills that may cause further kidney damage.

The study findings, published online this month in the International Journal… Study says overweight Americans may risk kidney damage when attempting weight loss   



Value of screening for kidney disease unclear

Screening people to catch early kidney disease may sound like a good idea, but there is no research to prove that it’s worthwhile, according to a new review.

In the U.S., about 11 percent of adults have chronic kidney disease, the vast majority of whom have early-stage disease.

The disease is very common among… Value of screening for kidney disease unclear   



Risk prediction equation for death/end-stage renal disease

Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., principal investigator at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed), is the author of an invited editorial in JAMA. The editorial accompanied a study that included data from more than 1 million adults, and indicated the use of a newer risk prediction equation that… Risk prediction equation for death/end-stage renal disease   



Open heart surgery for kidney disease patients

One type of open heart surgery is likely safer than the other for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN).

Open heart, or coronary artery bypass, surgery can be done two ways: on-pump or off-pump, depending on… Open heart surgery for kidney disease patients   



U-M researchers identify new genetic cause for chronic kidney disease

A new single-gene cause of chronic kidney disease has been discovered that implicates a disease mechanism not previously believed to be related to the disease, according to new research from the University of Michigan.

The research was published July 8 in the journal Nature Genetics.

“In developed countries, the frequency of chronic kidney disease… U-M researchers identify new genetic cause for chronic kidney disease   



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