Urology Today.net

Site updated at Thursday, 18 December 2014

Common Urological Problems

Hypertension Symptoms

People with primary (essential) high blood pressure usually do not have any symptoms. Most people with high blood pressure feel fine and only find out they have high blood pressure during a routine exam or a doctor visit for another problem. Very severe high blood pressure (160 over 100 or higher), especially if your blood pressure rises very high quickly, may lead to hypertensive crisis. Symptoms of very severe high blood pressure include:
  1. Headaches, especially pulsating headaches behind the eyes that occur early in the morning
  2. Visual disturbances
  3. Nausea and vomiting
Over time, untreated high blood pressure can damage organs, such as the heart, kidneys, or eyes. This may lead to:

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Urology (Male & Female) Problems and Information

Diagnosis of Medical Renal Disease

Medical renal diseases are those that involve principally the parenchyma of the kidneys. Hematuria, proteinuria, pyuria, oliguria, polyuria, pain, renal insufficiency with azotemia, acidosis, anemia, electrolyte abnormalities, and hypertension may occur in a wide variety of disorders affecting any portion of the parenchyma of the kidney, the blood vessels, or the excretory tract.

A complete medical history and physical examination, a thorough examination of the urine, and blood and urine chemistry examinations as indicated are essential initial steps in the workup of any patient ...... read more »



Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic Syndrome

  • Edema
  • Proteinuria >3.5 g/day
  • Hypoalbuminemia <3 g/dL
  • Hyperlipidemia: cholesterol >300 mg/100 mL
  • Lipiduria: free fat, oval fat bodies, fatty casts
Because treatment and prognosis vary with the cause of nephrotic syndrome, renal biopsy is important. Light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence identification of immune mechanisms diagnose most causes of nephrosis.

Glomerular diseases associated with nephrosis include the following: ... read more »

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